Marijuana 101 has all the information you need for growing your own weed.
Growing marijuana successfully requires knowhow, patience and love.
Learn about indoor and outdoor growing. Find out all you need to know from where to buy quality seeds, how to setup your own marijuana grow room, choosing the right soil and germinate seeds to harvesting and using marijuana.
What is cannabis?
Cannabis is essentially a product that comes straight from the plant, cannabis sativa. It is generally found in more tropical climates, but can be grown efficiently indoors virtually anywhere. Cannabis comes in three popular forms: marijuana, hashish, and hash oil. Marijuana is created through a process of drying the plant’s flowers while hashish is actually secreted from the plant itself. Any form of cannabis is replete with the psychoactive ingredient called THC, but hash oil is definitely the most potent purveyor of it. In large part, however, most people will experience cannabis through the act of smoking.
Read more about cannabis.
Is marijuana safe?
Although detractors would have you believe that pot is a universally bad drug, it’s actually one of the safest drugs out there. Part of the stigma attached to marijuana is that it’s illegal. Alcohol is likely much more impairing than marijuana has ever been, but it still remains freely sold and consumed. Marijuana is not addictive nor has it ever been responsible for any overdose-related deaths. It has a wide range of medical indications as well as a definitive recreational benefit. It also does not promote aggressive or belligerent behavior and can be described almost as an introspective drug. All in all, marijuana is probably safer than most pharmaceuticals and other legal drugs freely available to the populace.
Learn more about marijuana safety.
Using marijuana for the first time
Some individuals might be amped up to try marijuana for the first time, but they actually won’t feel any effect after their first try. This comes from some unknown cause, but interested parties theorize that the first try is just a primer. It may take until the second or third try for a novice to feel anything substantial. Sometimes, they will feel the hypnotic or euphoric effects we’ve come to associate with cannabis. Other times, they might have a panic or anxiety reaction that could dissuade them from trying it again. Fortunately, these effects are temporary and should be more a sign of inner temperance and exterior setting than anything else.
Read more about using Marijuana for the First Time.
For many people, marijuana has an almost instantaneous effect on their state of mind. When smoked, it can bring about an altered consciousness within seconds after the first puff. Of course, new users might experience the opposite of the intended reaction. Most individuals seek out marijuana for a euphoric high, but occasionally that high will manifest itself in a heightened sense of anxiety or panic. This feeling can dissuade any future use, but its effects are temporary. It’s also good to note the importance of your emotions and the setting in which you are taking the drug. Marijuana is undoubtedly one of the safest drugs but can have adverse effects on certain individuals.
Learn more about the effects of marijuana.
Dangers of marijuana
Although any drug carries with it a chance for harmful effects, some assertions about marijuana use are just categorically untrue. One popular myth suggests that marijuana causes brain damage. While smoking marijuana can have certain effects on short-term memory, there is no evidence to suggest the even prolonged marijuana use is responsible for any permanent brain damage. Another common myth involves marijuana’s status as a potential “gateway” drug. Again, there is no evidence to suggest that marijuana use makes its users crave harder (and much more dangerous) drugs like cocaine, heroin, and others. It’s important to know the facts before you dismiss marijuana wholeheartedly.
Read more about the dangers of marijuana.
Myths about marijuana
One common supposition about marijuana use is that it can provide a certain euphoric and transcendent state of emotion and understanding. As anecdotal evidence suggests, this supposition is definitely true. Many people have reported an altered consciousness while under marijuana’s influence. It’s also true that no one has ever died from a marijuana overdose. In fact, it would take about 40,000-times the normal dose to produce any life-threatening effects. This dosage is practically impossible to achieve because you’ll probably just fall asleep before you get there.
Read more about marijuana myths.
Marijuana vs. alcohol
When it comes to drug comparisons, it seems that marijuana and alcohol are always being equated. While both certainly have their pros and cons, only one is illegal. Of course, alcohol can become illegal in certain contexts like when driving or when it causes aggression and public disturbances. Marijuana, on the other hand, is illegal just for having it in most cases. All in all, most states have released reports indicating increased alcohol-related deaths. In fact, statistics on marijuana-related deaths are noticeably absent.
Here’s more information about marijuana and alcohol.
Cooking with marijuana
Pot chefs of all stripes have been cooking with marijuana for some time now. It is definitely one of the few culinary ingredients that can make you feel relaxed, euphoric, and high. It can be infused in almost any snack or meal to give yourself a latent but long-lasting effect. The most common form of edible marijuana comes in brownies. Many people cite “cannabutter” as the best example of the culinary arts associated with pot. It basically involves sautéing butter and marijuana to create a concoction that’s perfect for cookies or other baked goods.
Learn more about cooking with marijuana.
Marijuana flower anatomy
Unlike most annual plants, marijuana actually has separate male and female plants. Each can be distinguished by various anatomical structures. The female flower is the one responsible for providing any usable buds. The female plant has a stigma that juts out from the flowers. This stigma will be pollinated by pollen from the male plant. When this occurs, the pollen will go down through the pistil to the egg in the female plant where a seed will be produced. Interestingly, marijuana growers prefer the female plants to be un-pollinated to produce sinsemilla plants that don’t have seeds.
Learn more about the flower anatomy of marijuana.
Northern lights marijuana
If you’ve heard of any kind of strain of marijuana at all, you’ve probably heard of Northern Lights. This pure indica strain was first grown in the Netherlands and has achieved widespread fame and accolades for its unique “buzz.” It has often been crossed with other strains of cannabis to make for potent and enjoyable experiences. There are really only three pure kinds of Northern Lights marijuana still in use today. The first strain produces stretchy, elongated buds with a refreshing scent that’s perfect for relaxation. More recent strains have reduced growth time and increased potency for optimal use.
Read more about Northern Lights Marijuana.
Life cycle of the marijuana plant
The process of a marijuana plant’s entire life can be witnessed in a single three-month period. It will start off as a single seed, germinated when one male plant pollinates a female plant. Once planted, the seed should enter into the germination phase where it will begin to sprout. Within a week, the plant will enter the seedling stage in which it will begin to poke its stem out of the soil (or other medium). After about three to six weeks, the plant will enter the vegetative state at which point it will start producing large leaves. Finally, the plant enters the flowering stage and is generally ripe for the picking.
Read more about the marijuana plant life cycle.
Reproduction is a natural part of life that is the basis for the continued existence of virtually every species on Earth. Cannabis is unique among annual plants in that it has both male and female plants. Of course, the male plants will pollinate the female plants to produce seeds and ensure that their lineage makes it much further. In the wild, this normally occurs when the wind picks up and takes the male’s pollen to the female’s sticky stigma. In cultivation, some growers prefer their female plants to be seedless so that they can create highly potent “sinsemilla” buds.
Learn more about cannabis reproduction.
Male marijuana plants
Unlike their female counterparts, male marijuana plants are often not prized for their buds. Their main purpose is to essentially “impregnate” the female plants to produce more seeds. Male plants also tend to reach maturity earlier than female plants. They will start flowering about two weeks ahead of females and will produce buds that look a lot like female buds. Unfortunately, these buds don’t last long and they are not particularly useful as smoked products. For growers looking to obtain sinsemilla buds, males are simply discarded before they can pollinate the females.
Read more about male marijuana plants.
Female marijuana plants
Female marijuana plants are really the source of a lot of good times. Although male plants are necessary for reproduction, females are definitely treated in much higher regard. Obviously, they hold the key to all the potential marijuana seeds for future crops, but they are also responsible for most of the usable weed on the market. Their buds are high in concentrations of THC making them particularly potent and certainly more valuable than the males. Females reach maturity about two weeks after the males at which point you’ll starting seeing the white, hairy, early stages of bud growth.
Read more about female marijuana plants.
Hermaphroditic marijuana plants
In certain rare cases, a single marijuana plant can show up with both different reproductive organs. This is referred to as hermaphroditism. Oddly, these plants can actually fertilize themselves. They come in different forms, but it should be noted that most hermaphroditic plants are not worth keeping. If they have a majority of female flowers, however, they can produce enough potent buds to be conserved. If half (or more) of the flowers are male, then you should probably just cut your losses and toss them. Some growers will maintain the male-dominant hermaphroditic plants to harvest the pollen.
Read more about hermaphroditic marijuana plants.
Hybrid marijuana plants
Hybridization has been a hallmark of plant growth for centuries. This is no different for cannabis. Hybrid forms of marijuana can provide growers with abbreviated flowering periods with all the yield and effect of normal marijuana strains. This is particularly efficient for commercial growers who need to produce the most effective and bountiful crop in the shortest amount of time. Generally, an entire flowering period for these hybrids can last between 50 and 70 days which is markedly shorter than most non-hybridized strains. The most well-known form of cannabis hybrid is known as skunk largely for its pungent scent.
Read more about hybrid marijuana plants.
Female marijuana flowers are often prized for their high concentrations of THC and sugars. This is especially true when the males are not allowed to pollinate the females. We use the term “sinsemilla” which is a Spanish loan word literally meaning “without seed.” When female plants are fertilized by male pollen, they then focus much of their energy on seed production while limiting leaf and bud growth. If they are left un-pollinated, they generally form much larger leaves with much higher concentrations of THC and sugars. Most pot lovers will tell you that sinsemilla buds are definitely the best.
Learn more about sinsemilla.
Hemp: the third cannabis strain
People are probably most familiar with sativa and indica when they think of different kinds of cannabis strains. Although many people are aware of hemp, they probably don’t think of it as a third strain of cannabis. Its scientific classification is cannabis ruderalis, but it’s also known as “ditchweed” for its propensity to grow in ditches. Hemp is largely used for creating sturdy ropes, which are generally preferred by cattlemen and ranchers. At one point in America’s history, hemp was actually considered a cash crop until people figured out that it would grow willy-nilly in ditches and other public spaces where anyone could harvest it.
Read more about hemp.
Indica vs. sativa
There are two major strains of marijuana: Indica and Sativa. Indica plants were originally found in places like Tibet, Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Morocco. They are generally short (between 3 and 6 feet tall) with broad leaves and dense foliage that is tinted a sort of greenish blue (and even purple as it matures). Indica plants generally give off a sort of “skunky” smell. Sativa plants originated in tropical climes like Colombia and Southeast Asia. They are generally tall (between 8 and 12 feet) with thinner leaves and a lighter green color. Sativa has a sort of sweet, spicy scent associated with it. The highs for indica are more hypnotic while sativas tend to produce energetic highs.
Learn more about cannabis sativa, indica or ruderalis.
Hashish (commonly known as hash) is essentially the THC resin extracted in a paste-like state from the marijuana plant. It contains the essentials of marijuana that produce the desired psychoactive effects. For the most part, hash is quite a bit more potent than traditional forms of marijuana because it contains far more THC. Beware of using hash found on the black market because it can often be laced with harder drugs like opium and crystal meth. There are plenty of safe options when it comes to using hash that won’t leave you looking and feeling 50 years older.
Read more about hashish.
Benefits of growing marijuana
From an early age, we’ve all been told to say “no” to drugs, and that often included saying “no” to marijuana. Ironically, marijuana is the safest illegal drug without question and is, indeed, safer than even alcohol. New studies are showing that marijuana also has a great deal of beneficial, medicinal properties that could help a lot of suffering patients relieve their pain and stress. If you have a significant ailment, growing your own medicine can be one of the best ways to go about attaining relief. If you find a particular strain that helps you cope with your illness, then you could definitely benefit from growing marijuana.
Read more about the great advantages of growing marijuana.
Difficulties of growing marijuana
In general, it’s important to plan out exactly what you’re going to do before you start planting. There are many different types of marijuana that could help you differentiate accordingly. Most new growers might find the process of growing tedious. It takes a lot of time and care to nurture a living organism from seed to full-grown plant. Many people are simply not cut out for the task. They won’t want to distinguish between all the strains, plant the seeds, check the pH levels, keep a tight light schedule, and a properly ventilated grow room. It is difficult and time-consuming but, in the end, it’s well worth the effort.
The importance of marijuana soil cannot be overstated. Although hydroponic water systems can prove to be very efficient, they are often difficult to set up. It’s easier for most beginners to start with something relatively simple like soil. For growers on a budget, there’s plenty of potting mix at garden centers or even big box stores like Walmart that are inexpensive. Peat plugs also offer a unique medium that helps seeds germinate and grow well. Of course, if you have access to a farm or dairy, you can create your own soil from the excrement of cows and pigs. All in all, soil plays a major part in the success of your marijuana ventures.
Read more about marijuana soil.
Growing hydroponic weed
The benefits of hydroponic weed have been well-documented. It’s easier and faster than growing in soil and allows the grower much more control over their plants. Instead of waiting for the nutrients to get to the plant through the soil, it will be absorbed directly through water. There are many different ways to grow hydroponic weed, but the most effective is with a reservoir system. This allows the water to be drained every so often to allow for little risk of overwatering. It’s also best to grow indoors for faster, larger yields and total control.
Learn how to grow hydroponic weed.
Marijuana seed quality
In large part, you will need to make sure that your seeds are of good enough quality to germinate and produce large yields. Whether buying from the black market or from overseas distributors, there are certain signs that a seed is going to do well. For the most part, you’re going to want to use mature seeds which are characterized by their dark brown pigments and often rotund shapes. The fatter and more mature the seed is, the more likely it will be to produce better yields. Some seeds are just too immature or have been damaged to the point of irrelevance. It’s always better to know what your seed can do.
Read more about marijuana seed quality.
Where to find cannabis seeds
In your search to start a garden, locating cannabis seeds is the first order of business. For the most part, you will not want to get your seeds off the black market as they can be unreliable. Even so, buying seeds commercially isn’t always a safe bet either. Many distributors will hastily grow, harvest, and package the seeds leaving open the possibility of having immature seeds. Some seeds have been frozen and will not produce anything good (if anything at all). You can find plenty of hemp seed suppliers on the Internet that are usually located in the Netherlands. They can send you discreet packages of seeds that could prove to be much more reliable than any other option.
Here’s more information on where to buy marijuana seeds.
Germinating your marijuana seeds
There are basically three different ways to successfully germinate your seeds. Of course, the first way is to put the seed directly into the soil and add water and nutrients as needed. This is the most common way to germinate almost any seed. You can also germinate marijuana seeds in between two cotton pads. This is also a good way to promote growth because you can keep the cotton pads moist with a sprayer. The third way to germinate your seeds is by putting your seeds in a glass of water. Although strange, this method can work if you’ve got hundreds of different seeds to plant at a time.
Learn how to germinate your marijuana seeds.
Cannabis planet television show
Cannabis Planet is a television program that got its start in July 2009. It is focused primarily on anything having to do with cannabis. There are segments detailing proper growth methods, medicinal uses of marijuana, and even cooking advice. Indeed, they even feature a chef on the show who will provide viewers with the knowledge of preparing dishes infused with cannabis. The show has seen growing popularity as more and more cannabis lovers have found this outlet for their passion. As marijuana’s popularity grows, expect to see it featured more and more in many legitimate pop culture media.
Read more about the cannabis planet television show.
The weed bible
When an entity requires a holistic compendium of knowledge, it’s usually compiled in a “bible-like” book full of information. The weed bible provides exactly that. It’s full of information on proper growth methods and can be used by beginners to start on their weed-growing journeys. Of course, advanced growers have also used the weed bible for certain specific instances. There’s virtually nothing absent in the weed bible and it could help you start growing or continue growing with vigor. This can be beneficial for any patients who have a license to grow marijuana on their premises. Instead of paying hospitals to provide you with medicine, you can just grow it yourself.
Read more about the Weed Bible.
Determining your marijuana plant’s sex
In order to make your own seeds, you’ll first need to determine the sex of each individual plant that you’ve got growing. You really won’t be able to do this until the plants have matured a little bit. As a general rule of thumb, males will reach maturity about two weeks faster than females. You’ll be able to see this in the formation of what are known as “false buds.” These can almost look like female buds (which are more potent) but they will not actually contain the potency of the feminine counterparts. Females, on the other hand, will start to reveal their sex tiny, white, cactus-like structures at the top of each branch.
Learn more about determining your marijuana plant’s sex.
Indoor growing is for everyone
One of the oldest cultivated plants on record is cannabis. There has been virtually no point in time at which humans were not in contact with cannabis to some degree. These days, anyone and everyone can grow cannabis right in their homes. Indeed, you can grow it in your cellar, an empty bedroom, or anywhere that provides the right amount of controls to get the job done right. It basically boils down to the fact that, if you want to, you can set up an indoor garden and enjoy all the pleasures of personally grown cannabis firsthand.
Read more about indoor growing.
The importance of light
The amount of light that the cannabis plant receives is one of the most important factors during the growth period. For the most part, the best light for cannabis to thrive in is natural sunlight. If that’s not an option for you, then grow lights will also do the trick. Marijuana needs to be exposed to some kind of light to produce strong, healthy plants. This is because photosynthesis is the key to sugar growth which works to build up the durability of the stalks and stems.
Read more about the importance of light.
Setting up a cheap indoor grow room
For those of us without a lot of cash on hand, setting up a grow room can seem nearly impossible. But, with a little attention to detail, you can set up a relatively cheap indoor garden. First, you’re going to need light. Fluorescent lights are cheap, but they won’t produce as high of a yield as high pressure sodium lights. In lieu of treated water, you can just use tap water. You will need to get nutrient-rich fertilizer, but that can be found at any garden center. The plants will also need CO2 which can be provided with a simple ventilation system. Beyond that, just try to make sure the temperatures stay between 15 and 30 degrees Celsius and you’ll be set.
Learn how to set up an indoor grow room.
Setting up a high budget garden
If you want a high budget marijuana grow room, you first need to know that marijuana thrives under the right conditions and falters under poor conditions. You definitely want to optimize your usage of light, water, CO2, nutrients, and temperature. For this, you will need items like 600 Watt HPS lights, reflectors, humidifiers, fans for ventilation, and heat exchangers for CO2 infusion. You’ll also need high-quality fertilizers and pH testers to know exactly how much nutrients your plants are getting. This won’t be cheap, but it can definitely get you started on your way.
Learn how to set up a high budget garden.
Marijuana plant development
In large part, cannabis (like other plants) uses its root system to draw “mineralized” water and nutrients from the soil. The plant will then use those nutrients to create sugars which are responsible for forming the durability of the stalks, stems, leaves, and buds. Plants also need light energy so that they can perform photosynthesis. This process is also vital to sugar-creation. With all of these factors working in concert, your indoor garden is sure to produce some nice big buds with all the potency you could ever hope for.
Read more about the marijuana plant development.
Fertilizers and marijuana
Like many other plants, marijuana requires fertilizer to fully thrive. The three major macronutrients found in most fertilizers are Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P), and Potassium (K). Most fertilizers will have a specialized “NPK” ratio so you can figure out what is best for your plants. The nutrients in fertilizers act almost like food to the marijuana plants. During vegetative growth, it’s probably a safe bet to go with a fertilizer that has a 20-20-20 NPK ratio. These numbers indicate the percentage of Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. During flowering stage, you’ll need a fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 10-30-10 because phosphorous promotes flower growth.
Read more about the best and most popular fertilizers.
Electrical safety and growing marijuana indoors
When growing marijuana indoors, you’re going to have to deal with electricity. It’s important to have a few electrical guidelines before even planting your garden. Although an exhaustive list is too large to put here, you can bet that proper safety procedures must be implemented in your grow room. Some of those procedures include following the electrical code, keeping the area free from water, and ensuring that the power is off while you are working with wires. Above all, you should be patient, because the last thing you need is some kind of electrical shock.
Read all about electrical safety.
Lighting and cannabis control
Obviously, light is an important facet for the growth of any plant. Cannabis is no exception. But light must be used carefully when growing cannabis either indoors or out. It requires a cycle of darkness and light to be able to produce the highest yield. When growing outdoors, the natural cycle of the day provides cannabis with the right amount of light and darkness to grow effectively. When grown indoors, growers need to manipulate the dark and light periods (called photoperiods) to mimic the day/night rotation of the earth. This requires the use of lights and a tight schedule that keeps the plants in the light and dark for certain amounts of time each day.
Learn more about lighting control.
Reflective material in marijuana grow rooms
To increase the amount of light in the grow room you should always look to include certain reflective materials. They will obviously reflect the light providing for greater exposure to the plants. Two common forms of reflective material are polyester films called Mylar and foylon. Mylar is more reflective but less durable than foylon. In fact, you can clean foylon rather easily and it tends to last much longer than Mylar. You could also opt for flat white paint on the walls or Elastomeric paint, both of which will provide good reflections.
Here’s more on preventing light waist with reflective material in marijuana grow rooms.
Marijuana tinctures had been used prior to the prohibition of cannabis in the mid-20th century. While most people think of marijuana as something you smoke, it can be extracted and put into an alcohol-based tincture for users and medical patients who want to avoid the harmful effects of smoking. You can apply these liquid tinctures beneath the tongue (sublingually) to produce an effect very much like that of smoking the herb. It also provides medical patients with fast-acting pain relief to avoid any sudden outbursts of discomfort. Tinctures are not susceptible to any bacterial infections because they are made up of 75% ethanol. It’s important to store bottles of tincture in a cool, dark place (like a refrigerator) to optimize its longevity and use.
Read more about marijuana tinctures.
Growing marijuana outdoor
Perhaps the first question you should ask yourself when growing marijuana outdoors is, “Where?” For the most part, the major factor that should go into your decision is security. Seeing as how marijuana is still definitely illegal, any suspicion you might arouse could be legally dangerous. That means that you can’t just plant the marijuana in the middle of your backyard because your neighbors might see and get suspicious. To avoid that, you can always look for secluded public grounds to start your garden. Although it might be a little extra work, it can provide you with the privacy and security necessary to focus only on growing.
Read more about growing marijuana outdoor.
Types of marijuana
Marijuana comes in two distinct “genders,” (male and female). Occasionally, the plants will end up hermaphroditic (i.e. they will have male and female parts) and will be able to pollinate themselves. Marijuana also comes in a variety of different strains under two categories: indica and sativa. Although buying seeds in the United States is technically illegal, there are plenty of online companies (usually based in the Netherlands) that can provide you with a wide selection of male or female seeds along with relatively discreet shipping. Make sure you know exactly what type of marijuana you’re getting and what it can do.
Read more about types of marijuana.
Marijuana second harvest
In some climates, a second harvest is a definite possibility when it comes to marijuana. If you’re in an area where autumns are generally benign, then you could feasibly get two different harvests from the same plant. It starts with harvesting like normal, but leaving a few of the smallest flowers intact. Then, you can mimic the processes that started the flowering period in the first place. This includes interrupting the dark cycle with a flashlight at night to promote added flowering. If this works out successfully, you could have an entirely new crop within a couple of weeks.
Learn more about second harvest.
Pests and outdoor growing
In general, you’ll actually have an easier time with pests outside than you would in an indoor grow room. In fact, if indoor pests get into a grow room, they can spread incredibly rapidly because the marijuana plants will be their only form of sustenance. Outdoor plants will still be damaged by pests, but the ecosystem has a natural way of evening things out. Although you can use artificial repellents and pesticides to avoid any major pest problems, you need to be wary of the fact that you will be smoking those leaves later on. Most insects can be controlled with other means that don’t involve potentially toxic contamination.
Here are some tips on marijuana pest control.
Organic insecticides for marijuana growers
When growing outside, you might need to find ways to stamp out a full-on insect attack. Unfortunately, many insecticides use potentially harmful chemicals that can be absorbed by the plant and eventually by you when smoking. But, recent developments have put a few organic insecticides on garden center shelves. These insecticides basically use natural chemicals that are excreted by plants already. One common organic insecticide is pyrethrum which can be found in much higher concentrations in garden centers. Even organic insecticides can be indiscriminate killers, however, and they may end up taking out beneficial insects and even mammals in their wake.
Read more about organic insecticides.
Outdoor growing with companion plants
Many plants, including marijuana, have their own natural pest repellents. You can make use of the other repellents found in other plants by growing them next to your marijuana crop. Certain mints, cabbages, and even onions are highly effective at repelling insects because of their strong and uninviting odors. There are also no harmful effects associated with extra vegetation like there would be with pesticide use. Be sure to plant the companions as close to the marijuana crop as possible to keep bugs out. You’ll also have quite a diverse little garden if you decide to go this way.
Read more about companion plants.
Using predators as deterrents
One of the best (and safest) modes of insect repellent for your outdoor marijuana plants is utilizing predators. Certain “garden protectors” like ladybugs, praying mantises, and lacewings, can keep pests out while not making substantial waves in the natural ecosystem. They are also not potentially poisonous like some pesticides. You can buy specially-bred bugs that are primed to put a magical shield of protection around your garden. The breeder will tell you exactly what pests their insects will eradicate or ward off so you know that you won’t have to worry about buying the wrong predators.
Read more about using predators as deterrents.
Outdoor marijuana and weather extremes
Although most of the growth period of marijuana will take place during the summer when most extremes are rare, you can still encounter certain weather problems. One of the most common issues with the weather is frost due to excessively cold temperatures. If you live in an area in which frost is common even in late spring, you might want to start your plants indoors before planting them outside. You may also experience freezes at the beginning of fall. A few frosty nights won’t hurt the crop too much, but if it becomes a common experience, you may be in danger of losing all your plants.
Read more about marijuana and weather extremes.
Protecting marijuana from wind damage
When growing outdoors, there are all kinds of environmental factors that you have to keep in mind. If you live in a windy area, you might need to include a few preventative measures to ensure that your crop isn’t completely bowled over. One way to do this is by tying several plants to a stake in the ground to act as a windbreak for the rest of the plants. Of course, these plants might incur damage from all the soil, nutrient, and light competition, but this can effectively protect your crop from wind damage.
Learn more about how to protect your marijuana plants from wind.
Harvesting outdoor marijuana
After all your hard work, you’ve finally come to the traditional time to harvest marijuana (usually early fall). Of course, you can’t just decide to pluck your plants on October 1st and expect them to be fully mature. You need to pay close attention to both the amount of sunlight and the changing weather patterns. You don’t want to harvest too late but you certainly don’t want to harvest too early. The plant’s changing appearance will clue you into the right time to harvest. If you can cut them onsite, that’s probably the best option.
Read more about harvesting marijuana.
Macronutrients and marijuana
There are various macronutrients that are vital to life on planet Earth. Three of the major ones are Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. All combine in different ways (and at different times) to promote proper growth of the marijuana plant. For instance, Nitrogen and Phosphorous are much more important during vegetative growth while Potassium and Phosphorous are needed during flowering. Each of these three macronutrients also has different properties that can help you choose the right fertilizer. Nitrogen promoted photosynthesis and chlorophyll production, Phosphorous promotes germination and seedling growth, and Potassium provides the essential nutrient value to allow for healthy metabolism during the flowering period.
Learn more about macronutrients and their effect on cannabis plants.
Micronutrients and Marijuana
In addition to the prime macronutrients, cannabis plants also require a few micronutrients to thrive. Some of these trace elements include Calcium, Magnesium, Sulfur, Manganese, Boron, Zinc, and Copper. Each of these micronutrients provides the marijuana plants with certain invaluable assets to promote growth. For instance, Calcium is responsible for strengthening stems and the overall plant structure. Magnesium and Sulfur both participate in the growth of the plant and the production of chlorophyll while Manganese is responsible for the production of enzymes associated with chlorophyll. The remaining three micronutrients all promote stem and stalk growth.
Learn more about micronutrients and their effect on cannabis plants.
Marijuana and nutrient health
In order for marijuana to grow satisfactorily, it’s important to provide it with all the nutrient value it requires. Just like any plant, cannabis needs the three major macronutrients of Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. But, it won’t thrive on just those alone. It’s important to provide your plants with an all-encompassing fertilizer that best meets their needs. Although marijuana thrives in Nitrogen-rich soils, it’s important to note that Nitrogen isn’t as necessary during the flowering stage. At that point, you need to change your fertilizer to one rich in Potassium to produce the desired effect.
Read all about marijuana nutrient health.
Nitrogen in marijuana
Nitrogen is perhaps the most important element involved in marijuana growth. It is absorbed in large amounts by the plant and is most useful during vegetative growth. It is also responsible for creating buds later on in the life process. Deficiencies in nitrogen will be pretty obvious. Virtually every leaf on the plant will start to turn yellow when there’s a nitrogen shortage. On the flip side, too much nitrogen can prove to be too much for the plant to handle. It will, in fact, appear to be weighed down and the stems will be much more fragile. It’s important to maintain a solid balance of nitrogen otherwise you could have some trouble on your hands.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Phosphorous in marijuana
Phosphorous is one of the key ingredients found in many fertilizers, and it’s also a vital component in the germination of marijuana seeds. Once the plant has sprouted, phosphorous takes on some transportation duties by moving and storing energy created by photosynthesis. If your plant lacks the proper concentration of phosphorous, it will show in the dehydrated leaves that can often turn dark green, yellow, and even purple in some cases. Too much phosphorous will produce smaller, curled leaves. It will also speed up maturation, but it will block other vital nutrients from entering the plant.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Potassium in marijuana
Potassium is one of the three key macronutrients found in the production of marijuana plants. Along with nitrogen and phosphorous, potassium can be found as a major component in most fertilizers. It is vital for the production and transport of sugars and also aids with opening the stomas and increasing the chlorophyll content in the leaves. If the plant lacks enough potassium, it will start to show in the deterioration of leaves and stems. Tissue damage is replete in cases of potassium deficiencies. With too much potassium, however, the plant will appear almost burnt and withered and will prohibit calcium and magnesium’s access to the plant.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Iron in marijuana
As with most living things, nutrients are required to maintain a healthy life. Marijuana requires a bevy of different macronutrients and micronutrients to produce healthy leaves and buds. One such micronutrient is iron. Much like humans, marijuana needs iron to thrive, but it will use it in a much different way. Iron is actually used to promote chlorophyll production. Although other nutrients work to provide the same thing, not enough or too much iron can be detrimental to the plant. If you notice a very light green color between the veins of the leaves, then the plant could be iron deficient.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Sulfer in marijuana
Although sulfur is thought of as an element with a really bad smell, it can also prove to be beneficial for many living things including cannabis plants. It is a micronutrient in marijuana that serves to produce certain proteins, hormones, and vitamins that are vital to the plant’s growth and health. While it plays a decidedly smaller role in plant growth than nitrogen, phosphorous, or potassium, it is still important to maintain the right balance of sulfur. If the plant is sulfur deficient, it will likely show signs of slow growth and flowering and the stalk will change to a purplish color. With too much sulfur, the leaves grow dark while growth slows.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Magnesium in marijuana
One of the major components of a marijuana plant’s health is comprised in the process of photosynthesis. One of the main nutrients to assist in the process is magnesium. Indeed, it’s essential for both photosynthesis and the promotion of a healthy metabolism in the plant. Magnesium deficiencies often manifest themselves as pale chlorosis spots on average-aged leaves. These leaves will then turn to a rusty yellow color. If the deficiency is extreme, young leaves can also be affected.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Calcium in marijuana
Although we might use calcium supplements to ward off bone disorders, marijuana plants actually use it in the production of cells. In fact, calcium is a key component of cell production in marijuana plants. It can also be used to counteract a nutrient solution that might be a little too acidic. In the event of a calcium deficiency, you’ll notice yellowish-brown spots on the uppermost leaves and a reduction in overall growth. Surplus calcium can block boron, magnesium, and copper—all essential micronutrients—from entering the plant. Overdoing it with calcium is generally a problem that doesn’t exist, however.
Learn how to recognize and treat marijuana nutrient deficiencies.
Interested recreational users or medical patients have smoked marijuana for centuries. It is generally smoked in the form of a cigarette that has been hand-rolled. It can also be smoked in vaporizers (or bongs) that eliminate the negative qualities of combustion. Most individuals will report a feeling of euphoria while under the influence of marijuana’s psychoactive properties. It can cause you to see the world in a different way and experience things with a certain variegated vigor that you would not have otherwise felt. In fact, some cannabis smokers have even noted that watching TV becomes a totally different experience.
Read more about the best marijuana smoking equipment.
Tinctures vs. smoking
Both of these forms of marijuana use allow for self-titration, or the ability to notice when an effect as taken place and avoid overusing. That is to say, if you did not take enough on the first go around, you can always tell that you need more. Smoking marijuana is generally a faster way to promote the desired effect than any other form of use. Unfortunately, it comes with potentially hazardous side effects involved in combustion. Tinctures provide a relatively fast way to get relief without any of the harmful side effects associated with smoking. You can take tinctures by dropper or teaspoon to adequately measure your dosage.
Read more about tinctures vs. smoking.
Responsible use of marijuana
As with any drug, responsible use is a necessary aspect of cannabis. Under the wrong kinds of circumstances, marijuana can produce decidedly negative effects in the user. There are a few guidelines that weed lovers should follow when using cannabis. Firstly, cannabis should only be used by responsible adults. It can have negative effects on the developing minds of minors that might prove to be negative. While under the influence, no one should do any driving. You should also ensure that you are monitoring your body’s response to the drug to avoid any harmful aspects.
Learn more about using marijuana responsibly.
Cannabis avoidance policy
Although marijuana is one of the safest recreational and medicinal drugs on the planet, it can still produce some unwanted effects. It will not create a dependency even in long-term users, but it can still be abused. If it affects your daily life so much that you’ve stopped progressing as a human being and you spend more time in the search of getting high than anything else, then that can be categorized as harmful. It’s important to moderate your use to be kind to yourself and to those around you.
Learn more about using marijuana responsibly.
Adverse effects of marijuana
Although most people smoke marijuana for the calming high, it can produce undesired effects as well. The THC found naturally in marijuana plants is the main psychoactive agent that will affect you when using marijuana. It has the power to potentially increase heart rate by as much as 50 beats per minute. If you are a heart patient, it’s probably unwise to try marijuana. Higher doses of marijuana correlate to higher doses of THC, which can produce extreme discomfort if you haven’t built up a tolerance to its effects. There’s also an unfortunate byproduct of combustion when smoking that can be harmful to the lungs. Before you try marijuana, it’s good to have some safety measures in place.
Read more about the adverse effects of marijuana.
Toxicity in marijuana and alcohol
For the most part, you’re not going to find anything toxic in the short-term with marijuana. Although chemicals produced as a response to smoking might have long-term effects on the longs, there is nothing within the drug itself (that included THC) that could lead to overdosing. Alcohol, a perfectly legal drug, is known to create alcohol poisoning in some individuals that could lead to death. Despite the fact that no deaths related to marijuana overdose have ever been reported, it remains illegal and alcohol is available to almost anyone over the age of 20. Alcohol is also much more addictive than marijuana.
Read more on toxicity in marijuana and alcohol.
By now, most people are probably familiar with the standard modes of marijuana inhalation. You can smoke it usually in the form of a joint or a blunt. But, you can also use a pipe to achieve the same experience. For a nice THC high without the adverse effects associated with smoking, you can also use vaporizers or bongs. Each of these pieces of equipment can be bought commercially or created on the fly with whatever you happen to have around you. However you use marijuana, there’s no question that equipment is almost always going to be necessary.
Read more about marijuana equipment.
Rolling marijuana joints
Many people are familiar with the most standard form of marijuana delivery: the joint. Ironically, many pot smokers claim to have no idea how to roll a proper joint. It first involves finding marijuana that isn’t too powdery and is, in fact, thick like mulch and maybe a bit moist. You can use basically any kind of paper to roll a joint, but beginners usually find longer pieces to be easier. After that, the process becomes kind of complicated, but with a little practice you should be able to figure something out.
Learn how to roll a joint.
Bongs can be communal modes of drug intake as well as individual ones. They are basically suction systems that use water and combusting marijuana to produce a potent smoke that can be supremely effective. Even if you haven’t had a bong hit or two, you’ve probably seen one of these devices in a film somewhere. They are probably most associated with the “bubbling” noise whenever someone takes a hit. The smoke produced by bongs is less harsh than that of actual marijuana cigarettes. It can also be connected to various pipes to allow for a little group therapy session.
Read more about methods of smoking marijuana.
Marijuana vapor is a much healthier alternative to the potentially hazardous smoked joint. It’s also much more cost effective. Although it won’t give you the sensation of actually smoking something, it can still give you the same high with a fraction of the actual marijuana. It only takes about half the amount in a standard marijuana joint to get you adequately stoned. This is particularly good news for those who want to keep their weed quantity high. Vaporization is the newest and safest way to enjoy a centuries-old smoking tradition.
Read more about methods of smoking marijuana.
Obtaining a cannabis card
For many individuals, getting access to a cannabis card is equivalent to getting access to their medication. When you visit a clinic, you need to make sure that you have a valid driver’s license or other form of photo identification. The clinic will not provide you with a card if you can’t prove that you are who you say you are. Let the receptionist know that you are a new patient. You will then be required to fill out paperwork. It’s best to be as thorough and truthful as possible when filling out these forms. After this, you will be called in to see a doctor. If they determine that you qualify, then you will be given a cannabis card and can use marijuana free from legal restriction.
Learn how to obtain a cannabis card.
Marijuana and HIV/AIDS
One of Marijuana’s primary benefits lies in its ability to treat a wide range of illnesses. One such illness is AIDS. AIDS patients will often acquire a debilitating illness called AIDS wasting syndrome. This causes them to rapidly lose weight while also decreasing their appetite. Using marijuana can help provide these patients with a little stability when it comes to their disease. It can bring back their appetite, thus increasing their weight exponentially. There are truly some clear benefits to using marijuana in relation to this incapacitating illness.
Read more about marijuana and HIV/AIDS.
Marijuana in California
Although it might seem like marijuana in California is practically legal, there are definite restrictions that could possibly land you in jail. If you are caught with 1 ounce or less of marijuana on your person, you will be fined up to $100 plus fees. If you have more than an ounce on your person, you could face a fine of up to $200 and a jail sentence up to six months. First- and second-time offenders are allowed to choose between treatment and jail time. Once the treatment is successful, their records will be expunged and they can move along with their lives.
Read more about California marijuana laws.
Medical marijuana use in Canada
In Canada, it is legal to use marijuana as a medical alternative to other drugs. This is not to say that there are no legal restrictions to marijuana, but anyone with a medical need and physician approval can obtain permission to use it. It is primarily used as a treatment for diseases like multiple sclerosis, cancer, HIV/AIDS, and others. Of course, many less serious illnesses can be treated with marijuana as well. In large part, though, Canada requires that patients signing up for the Marijuana Medical Access Regulations (MMAR) program have some kind of debilitating illness that can’t be treated in any other way.
Read more about medical marijuana use in Canada.
Legal definitions of marijuana in California
Pursuant to certain California laws, marijuana is defined as anything related to the cannabis plant. That means that virtually anything—from stalks and stems to hashish and edibles—will be considered possession of marijuana. Only mature stalks and the fiber produced from such stalks (e.g. hemp) are excepted from these stringent regulations. If you suffer from a serious medical condition, you can obtain a cannabis card and use marijuana legally. Of course, the federal government does not recognize the legality of marijuana in any form, so you’ll still have to be careful.
Read more about California marijuana laws.
Most people are familiar by now with the phenomenon of edible marijuana foods. For instance, pot brownies have become an inevitable joke on many sitcoms and in many films. But, marijuana edibles are not limited to brownies and they are certainly not limited to recreational use. Eating marijuana can be a healthy alternative to smoking it that still provides medication for those who need it the most. Although it might take longer for you to feel any effect, you won’t have to worry about the long-term health of your lungs. You might also enjoy the taste of certain edibles immensely.
Read more about marijuana edibles.
Types of marijuana edibles
Although most people are familiar with pot brownies, marijuana can be found in a number of different edible foods. With cannabis butter, you can create a wide variety of foods ranging from full meals to occasional snacks. You can even infuse a chicken pot pie with marijuana that will give you all the sustenance and medical benefits of both products. But, marijuana can be infused into virtually any food you can imagine. Cookies, waffles, pizza, and many more have all been infused with marijuana to provide a healthy alternative to smoking the herb itself. If you have epicurean tendencies, then you might consider cooking with marijuana.
Medical marijuana with no high
In northern Israel, there is a plantation on which researchers have claimed to create a strain of marijuana that alleviates ailments without the added “high.” This could be a boon for some patients who might see the high as an adverse side effect. In Israel, there are approximately 9,000 patients using medical marijuana for illnesses like cancer and Parkinson’s disease. While cannabis has been shown to be effective at reducing their symptoms, the associated high can sometimes bring about intense nausea and discomfort. With this prospective new strain, patients will no longer have to worry about that.
Read more about medical marijuana with no high.
Snoop Dogg caught in Norway with marijuana
Back at the beginning of summer in 2012, Snoop Dogg was detained in Norway for possessing about 8 grams of weed. He was also carrying far too much foreign currency for Norwegian customs officials to allow. Because of this, Snoop was required to pay a fine of 52,000 krona (about 6,900 euros) to avoid being jailed for any length of time. Although we don’t condone any illegal activity, just leave Snoop Dogg alone forever. He’s a national (and global) treasure with a family and a penchant for getting high.
Read more about Snoop Dogg getting caught with marijuana in Norway.
Growing Northern Lights marijuana
For the most part, growing Northern Lights cannabis is far easier than most other varieties. Beginners have used Northern Lights cannabis for decades simply because it’s the easiest (and maybe most effective) form to grow. It’s relatively easy to grow indoors and most growers will find that it works best in a hydroponic system. All in all, there’s no high quite like the one associated with Northern Lights. It is indicated both medically and recreationally as a great stress relief mechanism and can give you an entirely new outlook on life in moments. It also cross-breeds easily to produce different effects in concert with other strains.
Learn how to grow northern lights marijuana.
Marijuana bud rot
Marijuana bud rot is easily one of the worst things that could happen to a marijuana grower. It can get into the buds and spread and eventually ruin a plant. It’s important to nip bud rot in the bud immediately once it’s spotted. Of course, prevention is always better than intervention. To avoid bud rot entirely, try to keep the grow area between 30 and 40% humidity. Higher humidity gives the mold a chance to grow and spread. To ensure optimal humidity levels, try to water your plants only during the light period and also keep the grow area ventilated. That way, you won’t have to worry about bud rot at all.
Read more on how to prevent and identify bud rot.
Why marijuana seedlings stretch
There are a number of factors that contribute to stretching in seedlings including genetics, temperature, and certain environmental responses. The most common reason that a marijuana seedling will stretch is referred to by its acronym, SARP (“Shade Avoidance Response Phenotype”). Essentially, the plants will “crane their necks,” so to speak, to try to reach sunlight in a crowded area. In large part, the plants are trying to reach the red light to be able to gain nutrients from photosynthesis. To avoid this, try placing the plants in positions where they will get equal amounts of light during the light period.
Read more about why marijuana seedlings stretch.
Marijuana plant moisture stress
Occasionally this disorder can be deadly to the marijuana plant so it’s important to act fast when it’s first noticed. You can essentially boil it down to overwatering, under-watering, excess nutrients, or a nutrient deficiency. It’s not always easy to tell which of these factors is causing the plant moisture stress. Too much heat and light can also cause damage to the plant. Symptoms include hardening leaves and “burnt” edges that indicate chlorophyll death. If left unchecked, these symptoms could increase in intensity and eventually kill the plant. It’s important to make sure that you’re keeping an adequate balance of nutrients, water, heat, and light to avoid killing the plant prematurely.
Read more about marijuana plant moisture stress.
Preventing marijuana odor
If you don’t want to get caught growing marijuana at your house, it would probably be a good idea to diminish odor as much as possible. It’s the leading cause of marijuana growers being found out. Fortunately, there are ways to keep the smell out of suspicious noses. First, you’ll need to provide proper ventilation with fans or other mechanisms. Then, make sure that your vent’s filter fits snugly and will trap all the carbon that produces the scent. After that, try to close up any leaks that might lead to exposure. Although these can be hard to find, they can be the difference between jail time and unmitigated marijuana growth.
Here are some tips and tricks on preventing marijuana odor.
Increasing marijuana vigor through stress
As a general rule of thumb, any stress exerted on the marijuana plant is not a good thing. But certain stressors actually help promote vitality in the plant. One way that experienced growers increase their yields is by under-watering the plants near harvest time. The plants will then overcompensate for that lack by producing more buds. Other unproven methods include splitting the base of the plant with a nail, intense pruning, and bending the stem. These are said to promote bud growth, but there’s really no replacement for high-quality soil, light, and nutrient value.
Read more on how to grow marijuana with low stress training.
Cannabis soil pH
The pH level is probably one of the first things that a grower should know about their soil. The levels of pH indicate a substance’s acidity or alkalinity, and knowing the soil’s pH level is vital to understanding how the plants will grow. Soil with a lower pH is more acidic and has a higher concentration of Hydrogen ions. Soil with a higher pH is more alkaline and has a lower concentration of Hydrogen ions (or none at all). The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14 where 7 is a neutral point.
Read more about the cannabis soil pH.
Advantages of earthworm castings for the soil
Earthworms are nature’s fertilizer. Their “castings” are comprised by anything that goes through their digestive systems. This is the best manure to have in your soil because the worm’s already live there and have been creating better soil for millions of years. You can actually buy fertilizer mixes with castings already included. If you don’t want to do that, you can buy worms and add them to your garden. They can keep the soil healthy, aerated, and nutrient-rich to promote solid growth in your plants.
Read more about the benefits of earthworm castings for the soil.
What’s a common yield?
As with anything related to cannabis, yields can vary because of a wide range of factors. For instance, if the plants weren’t provided with enough essential nutrients, water, or light (or too much of those), then they will probably not produce higher yields. Obviously, the best scenario involves growing the plants to perfection and garnering the rewards afterward. Beginners can expect to get about 150 to 300 grams of marijuana per plant under 600 Watt bulbs indoors. Under perfect outdoor conditions, you can expect to yield around 500 grams per plant.
Read more about marijuana yield per plant.
What pot size
Knowing how big your pots need to be can be integral to a high yield. If the pot is too small, it can stunt the growth of roots and inhibit the growth of the plant itself. It’s important to give the roots a little breathing room (so to speak) so that they can adequately provide nutrients to the plant. If you’re growing your plants under a 600-watt HPS light, you should use around 100 liters of soil. If you’re growing in 11-liter pots, you should put between 9 and 12 plants per lamp. This is just one example, but it shows that pot size, light intensity, and plant number all play a vital role in plant health and growth.
Read more about the size of the pot.
Common beginner flubs
One of the most common mistakes that beginner’s make when growing marijuana is to talk about their “hobby” with other people. Only talk to people you can trust to not rat you out. Also, try to keep your grow room properly ventilated to avoid odor leakage. Another thing that beginners mess up is the configuration of their grow room. Make sure beforehand that you’ve got the schematics all worked out beforehand, because you don’t want to be tweaking your garden while the plants are growing. Finally, understand that growing marijuana is an intensive practice that requires significant involvement. Don’t leave it up to chance.
Read more on beginner mistakes.
Cloning cannabis plants
Cloning cannabis plants can vary in difficulty depending on the type of marijuana you have. For instance, sativas are generally easier to clone than indicas. To clone cannabis plants effectively, you must first find a place on the root that will promote growth. Cloning also requires air, but not too much as it will diminish the action of the capillaries and make growth hard. Then, you’ll need to ensure that the plants get enough light. Do not expose them to direct sunlight as it will become too hot. Finally, make sure to check the pH balance of the soil regularly to make sure the plant is getting the proper nutrients.
Learn how to clone your marijuana plant.
Pruning for Bigger Buds
Much like tomato farmers, cannabis growers have long been pruning their plants to create higher yields. Ridding yourself of the useless shoots can produce firm, heavy buds that wouldn’t have otherwise been there. This technique is usually carried out by professional marijuana growers to increase their vendible product. Pruning should only be done during the vegetative growth period to give the plants enough time to recover and grow big leaves. Wait three days after pruning to start to force flowering. Otherwise, the plant will not have enough time to recover. Test this method out on only plant to ensure that you don’t ruin your entire crop.
Read more on how to prune for bigger buds.
Making your own marijuana seeds
Although some growers enjoy sinsemilla (non-seeded) marijuana plants, it’s important to produce seeds if you want to continue harvesting marijuana plants. In large part, this is done when male flowers send their pollen to the stigmas of female flowers. This will begin the cycle of seed production in the female. It’s important to figure out the sex of each plant early so you can tell which one will be pollinating and which one will be pollinated. If you do not want to make your own seeds, you need to get rid of all the male plants before pollination begins.
Growing Huge Buds
Buds are the prized growths of a marijuana plant in the flower stage that are used in the process of smoking. The most potent buds are found on the female plants (although male plants do contain buds). One way to consistently get bigger buds is through pruning. Of course, if you don’t know what you’re doing, it’s probably unwise to just start cutting things of your plants. You’ll want to cut a few buds off on one plant to test the plan’s efficacy. In general, pruning can produce much larger buds and an overall higher yield that will be perfect for smoking.
Read more on how to grow huge buds.
Making your own Marijuana Clones
Although cloning can sound like a futuristic science, it can be achieved by any grower with the right supplies and time. If you have a particularly potent strain of marijuana that you don’t want to lose, cloning can be highly valuable. It allows you to keep growing a single plant pretty much infinitely. Cloning, however, isn’t going to be an easy process. It requires that you have the knowledge and skill set to adequately know when to cut a branch and how to get that portion of the plant to grow new roots. If it works, it can definitely provide high yields and a reliable buzz.
Learn how to clone your marijuana plant.
Harvesting marijuana plants
The harvest period can be one of the best and most exciting times of the entire growing experience. Finally getting a taste of the fruits of your labor can be a rewarding treat after a long growing season. Knowing when to start cutting buds and leaves is sometimes as instinctive as it is scientific. You need to keep watch for when the plants start achieving peak THC levels. THC is more prevalent on the buds and leaves than anywhere else on the marijuana plant is also found in higher values on the female plant. Cutting them at just the right time can make for some excellent highs.
Read more about when to harvest marijuana plants.
How to harvest marijuana plants
Indoor growers have it relatively easy with this one. All you have to do is uproot the plants and hang them upside down in the same grow room to be dried. There’s nothing really tricky about it and it allows you to start planting the next crop almost immediately. Outdoor growers will uproot their plants usually two or three at a time. When cutting the buds off of the plants, you’ll likely see some THC crystals around the green buds. This will indicate that you’ve harvested at the right time.
Learn how to harvest your marijuana plants.
Curing is a term generally reserved for food preservation, but it can also apply to marijuana. In general, most marijuana growers aren’t going to immediately smoke their entire crop after harvest. To preserve the plants, many marijuana growers will dry them by hanging them upside down in a warm, non-humid environment. As long as you keep the temperature around 70 degrees Fahrenheit, you’ll be able to dry your buds using this method in about a week. If you need to quickly dry your buds for test use, you can use a microwave, convection oven, or an open skillet to do the trick.
Learn how to cure marijuana.
Storing your cannabis
For personal growers who don’t intend to sell their crop, storing marijuana can be vital to keeping your crop fresh until the next year’s harvest. Mold and mildew are natural (but nasty) invaders that can essentially ruin your crop. To avoid this, be sure to dry your plants out thoroughly. When plants are dry, they are ready to be packaged or placed into containers. Although it looks suspiciously like you’re selling marijuana if you have the buds and leaves in multiple containers, it’s really the only way to ensure that the entire crop won’t be lost to mold. That’s why it’s important to store the cannabis separately so you can smoke year-round.
Read more on how to store your cannabis.
Types of marijuana fertilizers
There are many different kinds of fertilizers on the market that can be used to promote healthy growth of your marijuana plants. Vermiculite and Perlite are two pellet-like fertilizers that can get the job done with no problem. Miracle-Gro also provides a proven formula for success in many plants including marijuana. You can even use urine diluted with water if you want a really cheap alternative to buying any commercial fertilizers. The nitrogen in urine provides the plants with the necessary nutrients to help it grow and thrive. If that seems too weird, you could always try composting by throwing out any organic material into a pit to produce fantastic soil over time.
Read more on marijuana fertilizers.