Marijuana pests or bugs are things every grower will encounter and has to control and identify.
Humans aren’t the only creatures on the planet who enjoy the unique taste of cannabis, and, unfortunately, many of the tiny critters can ruin a whole crop of cannabis extremely quickly.
- 17 Common marijuana pests
- Cannabis pest #1: ants
- Cannabis pest #2: aphids
- Save cannabis from pest #3: birds
- Cannabis pest #4: caterpillars
- Cannabis pest #5: cats and dogs
- Save cannabis from pest #6: cutworms
- Cannabis pest #7: crickets and grasshoppers
- Cannabis pest #8: deer
- Save cannabis from pest #9: fungus gnats
- Cannabis pest #10: gophers and moles
- Save cannabis from pest #11: leaf miners
- Cannabis pest #12: mealybugs
- Cannabis pest #13: rats and mice
- Cannabis pest #14: snails and slugs
- Cannabis pest #15: spider mites
- Cannabis pest #16: thrips
- Cannabis pest #17: whiteflies
- Frequently asked questions
They’re all bad news. Plus, you want to be especially careful when dealing with them.
Although pesticides might seem like an attractive option, they can ruin your buds just as easily, making them unsafe for consumption.
Download my free marijuana grow guide for more pest control.
Your best bet is to be preventative rather than reactive: try to make the environment as inhospitable to pests as you can.
Otherwise, try to use organic deterrents that will be safe for human consumption if they contaminate the plant matter.
17 Common marijuana pests
Cannabis pest #1: ants
Ants are something of a deceptive pest. They don’t directly threaten your cannabis plants, but they are a strong indicator of other issues which aren’t as easily noticeable.
Ants don’t eat your cannabis, instead they will be attracted to the area because of other pests like whiteflies or aphids.
If you see ants in your growing environment, make a thorough sweep of the area to see if there are any other pests damaging your cannabis.
Additionally, the way ants dig tunnels and mound up soil can damage root systems and make it difficult to get good nutrient and water circulation among the roots.
Surprisingly enough, one of the most innocuous ways for you to deal with ants is the application of cornmeal.
Just spread it into the substrate. Read more and And learn how to get rid of ants on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #2: aphids
Aphids: tiny, pale, and one of the most irritating pests you will encounter. A big part of the problem is their small size. Aphids are very easy to miss.
They’ll cling to the undersides of the cannabis leaves, draining out nutrients and reproducing very quickly.
Indoors, in a controlled environment, aphids can ruin an entire growing operation with alarming speed. Outdoors, there are a number of natural predators which can help protect your plants.
As mentioned above, the presence of ants in your cannabis garden is one of the best ways to predict a possible aphid problem.
To get rid of aphids, there are a number of different options available. The best choice is usually an organically based spray that you can apply to the undersides of the foliage.
Read more about Aphids on marijuana plants
Save cannabis from pest #3: birds
Birds are a double-edged sword for most cannabis gardens.
First of all, they’ll only be an issue with outdoor growing. Outside, they actually do a great job of helping you to get rid of irritating and damaging pests.
Birds subsist on caterpillars, worms, and a variety of other creepy-crawly critters. The time you need to worry about birds is before your cannabis plants germinate.
Birds love seeds, and they can gobble up all of your cannabis before it even sprouts if you give them the opportunity.
There are a number of tried-and-true methods for helping to prevent birds from eating all of your seeds after you plant them. You can use scarecrows or netting.
Another method is to litter the area around your plants with shiny reflective objects.
Ideally, you should choose a reversible method, you can get the birds back after your plants have sprouted. That way you can benefit from the positive aspects of the birds.
Scarecrows are usually the easiest option, and often the most fun, besides.
Read more about Birds on marijuana
Cannabis pest #4: caterpillars
Caterpillars can be extremely hazardous to your cannabis crop. They have a voracious appetite, and they often go unnoticed until they’ve already done significant damage to your foliage.
In particular, beware of the ‘borer’ varieties of caterpillars, which will burrow into the plants delicate interior and eat it from the inside out.
If you don’t pay close attention, your whole plant will be dead and hollow without you ever even knowing you have pest issues. Wiki on caterpillars here
Unfortunately, even caterpillars that stay on the exterior of your plant can still ruin your crop.
Caterpillars are strongly attracted to cannabis, and they will actively seek it out as a food source.
Outdoors, you can get help from wasps and praying mantises, but there
Cannabis pest #5: cats and dogs
We love our pets, but anyone who owns cats or dogs knows very well that they can cause trouble.
For the most part, you probably don’t need to worry about pets eating your cannabis (although you never know what they’ll want to chew on).
The real issue is urine and defecation. Especially if you are using soil, there is a risk that your cat or dog will choose that spot to answer nature’s call.
While you might think ‘Hey, free fertilizer!’, you really don’t want pet urine or feces to mix with your crops.
Cat urine is extremely high in ammonia and can badly damage your plants (besides the terrible smell).
Plus, fecal matter from pets can attract parasites and pests that you don’t want crawling around.
In general, you’re better off keeping pets far away from your cannabis plants.
They probably won’t help in the cultivation process.
Read more about Cats and dogs on marijuana plants
Save cannabis from pest #6: cutworms
The most dangerous time for cutworms is when your cannabis plants are still seedlings.
Cutworms can absolutely destroy seedlings, and worst of all, they’re sneaky.
They only come out and eat your plants under the cover of darkness, so it’s likely that you’ll never even see them in action.
If it looks like someone has been trimming the tops of your plants and it wasn’t you, look closely for cutworms.
Thankfully, it’s not too difficult to get rid of cutworms.
Like some of the other pests listed here, they have a number of natural predators, so sometimes they’ll just go away without any extra intervention.
Often, you can get rid of cutworms just by tilling the soil or planting sunflowers around the edges of your cannabis garden.
Tilling is a good reactive measure, will the sunflowers are preventative, allowing you to keep cutworms out until the plants are big enough that you don’t need to worry about cutworms.
Read more about Cutworms on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #7: crickets and grasshoppers
Grasshoppers and crickets are common outdoor pests all over the world, and they have the potential to wreak havoc on your cannabis crop.
They have voracious appetites, and if you let them, they’ll make your cannabis plants the foundation of their diet.
There are a lot of different species of crickets and grasshoppers.
Most of them will eat your plants at night, under the cover of darkness, so they can also be hard to find until after they’ve already done their damage.
Crickets and grasshoppers are pests that you almost certainly don’t want to leave alone.
They’re difficult to root out, but without intervention, the problem won’t disappear.
Even worse, birds and other predators have to dig up the soil to get at them, which can damage your root systems.
Your best bet for getting rid of them is to spray the area with a mixture of diluted dishwashing liquid.
Read more about Crickets and grasshoppers on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #8: deer
Deer eat plants. They are herbivores. Unfortunately for the cannabis grower, they don’t take exception to young succulent cannabis specimens.
On the plus side, once the cannabis matures, the strong odor won’t be attractive to most deer, and you don’t need to worry about them eating your crop.
Until your plants mature, though, deer can be a huge menace. Instead of just damaging the plant beyond repair, they will eat the whole thing, leaving only some ragged root systems behind.
The best option for you is a fence. A sturdy, properly constructed fence of adequate height will keep deer out of your garden, and chances are good that they will take their search for food elsewhere.
If you don’t have the resources or space to construct a fence, you have a few other slightly less effective options.
First, motion-detecting or flashing lights can scare off deer, who usually feed in the twilight of early morning or late evening.
Deer are also very sensitive to scent, and there are a variety of products on the market that can act as deterrents for deer.
Some growers report success with garlic or moth balls.
Read more about Deer on marijuana plants
Save cannabis from pest #9: fungus gnats
Fungus gnats aren’t quite as bad as they sound, but they’re far from harmless.
Like the other pests listed in this index, fungus gnats can cause a lot of damage to the stems and roots of your plants.
In both the microscopic larval and adult phases, fungus gnats love to eat cannabis.
They start out eating fungus at the base of the plant and then eat their way downwards into the root system.
Obviously, this is terrible for the plant: growth will slow, and the plant can become structurally unsound. The drainage of the soil will also be severely impacted.
Thankfully, even though the fungus gnats can be nigh impossible to spot, there is an easy method to check for them.
All you have to do is put out a sticky pad near the base of the cannabis plant to catch the larvae. This won’t totally fix the problem, but it’ll get a lot of them.
To finish up, mix a little bit of peroxide and water and apply that to the area where the fungus gnats are located.
Read more about Fungus gnats on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #10: gophers and moles
These two underground rodents present some clear potential issues. Anytime you have a burrowing critter; you’ll run the risk of root damage.
Fortunately, most of the time, moles steer clear of cannabis root systems. They have no interest in plants.
In fact, moles can offer benefits to your cannabis: they’ll aerate the soil and eat any insects they can get their paws on.
Gophers, on the other hand, are bad news. Gophers will seek out the roots of your cannabis plant and eat them.
Left unmolested, they’ll pull down whole plants into their tunnels.
You can deal with gophers in a lot of different ways. If some gophers take up residence near your plants, you can try to encourage natural predators in the area, like owls or hawks.
You can deal with them humanely by applying garlic or castor oil to the area.
As a last resort, you can always set traps for gophers. Read more about Gophers and moles on marijuana plants
Save cannabis from pest #11: leaf miners
Just like the name sounds, leaf miners will dig through and ‘mine’ the tops of your cannabis leaves, damaging the cells and draining out vital nutrients.
The symptoms are usually very easy to recognize: white or brown streaks running along the tops of the leaves.
The adult leaf miner closely resembles a house-fly, but significantly worse for the health of your plants.
The larvae are planted under leaves, and after they hatch, they burrow into the interior.
Unfortunately, leaf miners are extremely difficult to get rid of.
Pesticides are mostly ineffective against them, and the ones that do work aren’t safe to use on your plants: they’re more harmful than helpful.
The only thing to do is seek them out and squish them yourself.
Read more about Leaf miners on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #12: mealybugs
Mealybugs are soft little bugs from the Pseudococcidae family. They live in the nooks and crannies of your cannabis plant.
If there aren’t a lot of them, they won’t actually have any negative effects, but beware of their population swelling out of control.
The clearest symptom of a mealybug population is the occurrence of white, gauzy balls that the bugs weave.
Some of the foliage might also begin to develop blotchy patches.
Curiously enough, one of the easiest ways to tell that you might be at risk for a mealybug infestation is the presence of ants.
Ants offer protection for the mealybugs by keeping the environment clear of other insect predators.
To get rid of mealy bugs, you can simply clean them off the plant by hand or use a natural product like lemon juice as a deterrent.
Read more about Mealybugs on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #13: rats and mice
Rats and mice are the universal pests. Although they’re not specifically drawn to eat cannabis plants, they are omnivores and will eat your plants if they don’t have a better option available.
In the case of rats, they might just chew through the cannabis plant as a reflexive action to control their constantly growing incisors.
Both rats and mice are very wary of humans and have excellent senses. You might not see them, or be aware of their presence.
As with many of the pests listed in this index, your best bet is to take preventative rather than a reactive measure to keep rats and mice away.
That is; you should do your best create an environment that discourages them from being around.
Ideally, you’ll have some sort of other predators around to help with this, but you can always resort to traps.
Read more about Rats and mice on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #14: snails and slugs
If you grow cannabis outdoors, you’ve probably run into issues with snails and slugs before. They’re a common pest for cannabis growers.
They’ll leave those glistening trails of gloop everywhere, and usually they’re very noticeable because of it.
Snails and slugs both subsist on plant matter, and they will cause a lot of damage to the plant if you leave them alone.
The best way to deal with slugs and snails is to create an environment that is hospitable to amphibians: toads and frogs are natural predators.
You can do this by adding in ponds or water features near your plants.
If that’s too much trouble, or just not an option at all, you can also apply salt to the area to make it inhospitable and dangerous for slugs.
Surprisingly enough, beer can also be used to help discourage slugs and snails from tromping around your cannabis garden.
Read more about Snails and slugs on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #15: spider mites
The most common problem for cannabis growers is infestation by spider mites. They can create a huge hassle for your garden.
Spider mites reproduce extremely quickly, and they reach full maturity in less than a week.
This means it’s easy to be swiftly overrun by the tiny creatures in a short amount of time.
Spider mites feed on your plants, draining out valuable nutrients and chlorophyll until the plant dies.
Left to their own devices, spider mites will quickly ruin your entire cannabis crop.
Our free little Harvest Guide will help you determine the best moment to cut your marijuana plants and save them from pests. Download it here.
Thankfully, there are a wide variety of different ways to treat spider mites, including a number of safe, natural remedies.
Ladybugs are ubiquitous to many parts of the world, and they are a fantastic predator for spider mites.
Consider introducing them to the environment to deal with the problem. Spider mites can also be sprayed with a mix of neem oil and water.
This will knock them off the plant, and they can have difficulties getting back onto it.
Since their metabolism is so fast, they will die quickly without access to their food source.
Read more about spider mites on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #16: thrips
Although the thrip is a very small insect, it can create huge issues in your cannabis garden.
Their primary source of food is the flower itself, which means your plant won’t be able to properly mature, and you won’t get a good yield out of your plants.
Thrips are also known for spreading plant diseases, which can sometimes cause even more damage than the tiny insects themselves. In any case, thrips are bad news.
As with most pests, the best way to deal with thrips is preventative action. Stop them before they even get into your garden.
Using the highest quality compost and maintaining a clean environment for your plants is a good way to help you in this regard.
If you already have thrips infesting your plants, however, you’ll need to get rid of them. There are a number of predatory mites that you can introduce to the area.
This will help curb their population. Alternatively, you can spray them with a mix of neem oil and water. This will knock them off the plant and help protect your flowers.
Read more about Thrips on marijuana plants
Cannabis pest #17: whiteflies
Whiteflies live on the undersides of cannabis leaves and chew on the plant matter.
They are flying insects, and they’re very small. The biggest problem with whiteflies is the one-two punch combination of mobility and their high potential for spreading disease.
Like the thrip, whiteflies can spread diseases throughout your entire crop, ruining an otherwise great harvest.
As with the other pests we’ve talked about, your best bet is to prevent these sorts of infestations before they occur at all.
If the whiteflies never show up at all, you never have to worry about them spreading any diseases.
Again, pest management techniques usually start by creating an environment that is inhospitable to the pest itself.
The best way to accomplish this is by introducing and encouraging natural predators.
For example, planting zinnias or other colorful flowers will help attract hummingbirds and insects which can prey on the whiteflies.
You can also create diluted garlic mixes to help discourage the whiteflies.
Read more about Whiteflies on marijuana plants
Little black bugs on my buds
The little black bugs on your cannabis buds could be a couple of things, but the most common suspects are aphids and black flies.
While aphids feed on your cannabis by extracting its plant fluids, black flies use the substrate around your plants as a home for their larvae which eat the secondary roots of your plants.
On top of that, the build-up of their excrement can cause mold to appear on your plants.
To treat your cannabis against aphids and the mold they attract, you can introduce beneficial insects into your garden, such as ladybugs that eat aphids. Another way you can rid yourself of the pest is with tomato leaf spray, a natural spray that uses tomato leaves steeped in water.
The best way to handle black flies is through prevention, which you can do by not overwatering the substrate around your plants.
Doing so makes the soil around your plants the perfect nursery for their larvae.
White bugs on weed plants
Another common pest of cannabis plants are mealybugs and white flies, which are white bugs that you can see on the branches and stalks of your plants or the underside of their leaves.
You can tell the two types apart by the way they cluster.
Whiteflies look like rice grains, while mealybugs almost appear like a type of fungus when bunched together.
To prevent whiteflies from appearing on your cannabis, you can grow other flowering plants to attract the flies’ natural predators.
Another way you can prevent whiteflies is using a garlic-based insecticide. You can get rid of mealybugs by using lemon juice as a deterrent.
Natural pest prevention sprays like these and pest predators can help keep these bugs away.
Little brown bugs on weed plants
Brown bugs on your weed plants can either be stink bugs or a type of aphid.
Stink bugs use cannabis plants as shelter and food sources during the cold winter months. They also lay their eggs on the underside of leaves, making them tricky to get rid of.
However, there is a way to get rid of both stink bugs and their eggs from your plants.
If you’re growing your plants indoors, simply hose your plants down outside to wash away both the bugs and the plants.
You can also vacuum the eggs and the bugs.
Little orange bugs on weed plants
Outside of checking the leaves and branches of your plant for insects, it’s also important to check the base of your plants and the substrate around it.
This is because, just like larvae, some insects like root aphids attack the roots of your plants.
Other than root aphids, there are also other brown insects, such as thrips that attack the flowers of your cannabis.
You can prevent thrips and root aphids with a beneficial compost for your plants.
Another preventive measure is to maintain a clean environment.
If you find thrips on your plants, get rid of them by spraying a neem oil and water mixture. Incidentally, neem oil-based sprays are also effective in removing root aphids.
Bugs that eat weed plants
Although all marijuana pests eat some part of your plant, the following ones are the most voracious.
Similar to aphids, these pests damage your plant by sucking the juices from under its leaves or on its branches.
The difference, though is that they latch onto your plants tightly, similar to an actual barnacle.
These pests are both voracious and prolific.
They often nest on the leaves of your cannabis or its buds.
Caterpillars and leaf miners
These are the most destructive since they feed on the leaves of your plant by either making holes in the leaves or tunneling inside of them.
How do you get rid of them?
For a natural approach, remove barnacles by pressure spraying them off your plants.
The same sort of approach also works with spider mites, but instead of using a spray, you simply need a strong breeze from a fan to blow them off.
Lastly, maintaining a clean and sterile environment will prevent any pests from appearing in your garden.
Frequently asked questions
When is the best time to spray insecticide?
Very early morning and early evening is the most effective time for insecticide application.
How fast do pesticides work?
It depends on the various conditions. Generally it could be effective for anywhere from 2 weeks to over a year.
Does vinegar kill plant bugs?
Yes, Mix 3 cups water and 1 cup vinegar in a spray bottle and add 1 teaspoon of dish soap and spray it on plants,
What bugs does vinegar keep away?
Use vinegar to get rid of ants, spiders, fruit flies and aphids
Does weed attract bugs?
Despite being a flowering plant, cannabis hasn’t evolved a way to attract pollinators like bees and wasps. However, while not appealing to pollinators, cannabis attracts flies and other pests that see the plant as a food source due to its sugars (glucose).
What kind of bugs eat cannabis leaves?
The most obvious ones are caterpillars and leaf miners, which leave holes and tunnels on the leaves of your cannabis plants. And while not technically devouring the leaves of your plants, thrips, whiteflies, and aphids often settle on leaves and suck their juices.
What is Spinosad?
Spinosad is a type of natural insecticide that’s produced by a soil bacterium (Saccharopolyspora Spinosa). It is an effective natural spray that kills pests like caterpillars and leaf miners. And unlike most insecticides, spinosad breaks down rapidly, but only if your plants are under direct sunlight. Many growers rely on it, however, you can prevent insects in the first place with my Bug Blaster.
Thanks for reading. Please leave comments or questions below and don’t forget to download my free grow bible.