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Damping off is a sort of reaction that your marijuana plant has to a disease. It most commonly occurs when roots, seeds, or seedlings undergo an attack from fungi that formed in soil.

This attack stops the upward movement of nutrients, making your marijuana plant is not receiving a proper distribution of nutrients. Because of this unequal distribution, the stem develops portions that are soft and mushy, making the plant eventually topple over and die.

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Fungi (such as Rhizoctonia and Pythium) grow best in moist, warm soil that has a high concentration of nitrogen. Pythium creates spores, but Rhizoctonia do not – instead, they are parasitic pathogens that are asexual and cause disease in plants.

Signs of damping off

Damping off typically starts right under the soil line. As a grower, you probably won’t even notice a problem until you see atrophy in the stalk and lower leaves of your marijuana plant. You will also notice discoloration of the section of the stalk that is closest to the base. This discoloration usually takes the form of a yellow or brownish color.

You will also start to see lesions between the nodes, which will darken into red-brown cankers. After a while, the entire stem will become soft and brown, and the plant will collapse. This can kill off the marijuana plant since it needs nutrition to stay standing up sturdily.

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Like many problems, damping off will affect young, tender seedlings before it gets to your mature plants. It will first resemble an overwatering problem because of wilting, but you will know it’s a reaction to fungi once you start seeing lesions on the upper section of the plant.

Not sure if your marijuana plants suffer from a damping off infection? Check the article Marijuana diseases for a list with pictures of all possible marijuana diseases

How to fix the problem

As with most conditions that can affect your marijuana plants. proactive prevention is the best way to go. Keeping close control of moisture levels is the best way to avoid damping off from ever becoming a problem. If your soil is wet, your plant will have “wet feet,” which can eventually ruin your marijuana garden. Don’t water your plants unless the top layer of soil is dry.

If you live in a place with frequent rains (or it happens to be a particularly rainy year), you can prevent the soil from becoming saturated with water by ensuring that the soil drains well. This will keep water from pooling where the roots are located. When preparing your soil, you can begin by putting in perlite or vermiculite with your soil mix. This will allow for more airflow.

If you are growing your crop all the way from seed, you should be extra careful about where those seeds come from. They need to be completely free of disease. Don’t plant them too low – about one-fourth of an inch deep should be good. This helps with damping out because moisture is present in higher amounts the lower underground you go.

Download my free marijuana grow guide at this link for more growing tips

It’s a good idea to also start growing your seedlings indoors, or in containers of some sort. Then, at least one week before you transplant the plants to an outdoor grow site, combine cured compost (which has beneficial bacteria) with the soil. Don’t transplant the seedlings until they have grown at least a few sets of leaves. This will ensure they will be strong enough to handle the transplant.

If you want to be extra careful about avoiding damping off, spray the soil with an anti-fungal treatment made from copper, chamomile tea, or garlic oil. Let it dry. Additionally, ensure that all your tools are disease-free by sterilizing them after each use. This will help prevent the spreading of any fungi or diseases that have found their way to one of your plants.

If you do have seedlings that are exhibiting signs of damping off, you probably won’t be able to save them. More mature plants do have a chance of being saved, however. Try removing the parts of the plant that have been affected, and then use diluted hydrogen peroxide to apply to the wounds. If the cankers that appeared on the stems are particularly severe, try spraying them with copper fungicide, clove oil, coriander oil, or sesame oil.

TIP: Looking to buy seeds? Visit the ILGM marijuana seed shop

Marijuana plant symptoms

Plant symptoms:
– Atrophy in stalk
– Stem discoloration (yellow-brown) near base
– Stem lesions (between nodes)
– Red-brown cankers between nodes
– Stem browning and softening
– Plant falling over
– Plant death
– Lesions on upper portion of plant
– Wilting

Leaf symptoms:
– Atrophy in lower leaves
– Wilting

The best way to avoid damping off is dedicating the time and effort to giving your plants a strong basis for healthy growth. Pay attentions to moisture, nutrients, sunlight, and every other element to makes sure they are able to reach a mature age without succumbing to damping off.

Remember that plants with strong genetics have less change of getting sick and are less vulnerable for pests and diseases. So make sure to buy cannabis seeds from a trusted seed bank.

Thanks for reading. Please leave comments or questions below and don’t forget to download my free grow bible

Robert

The founder of I Love Growing Marijuana, Robert Bergman, is a marijuana growing expert that enjoys sharing his knowledge with the world. He combines years of experience, ranging from small-scale grows to massive operations, with a passion for growing. His articles include tutorials on growing... [read more]

13 Comments

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  1. By kevin MacArthur

    ,23 Feb 2014
    Hi, I am new to this but if you can help me I will order all of my future seeds through your ads. I have 30 seedling that have just popped up. They are in rockwool cubes with poland spring […]Read More
  2. By Rodney -hp

    ,09 Jun 2014
    My question was answerd about damping off never did I think it started as a seedling all plants died really messed with pocket book now screwed thank u for this site I will order more seeds from u and try […]Read More
  3. By Symptom Checker – Identify Marijuana Plant Problems

    ,24 Jul 2015
    […] Damping off […]
  4. By Diseases on Marijuana Plants, and How to Treat Them

    ,29 Aug 2015
    […] Again, preventative care is the only real way to deal with damping off and other fungal disease-related problems. Usually, plants won’t be able to bounce back from damping off, and so it’s up to the grower to prevent it […]Read More
  5. By David

    ,01 Oct 2015
    The easiest and best way to prevent damping off is by using NoDampOff, which is milled Sphagnum Moss. Mosser Lee has been selling to gardeners and nurseries for over 80 years. Studies confirm that this product really works.
  6. By Stop Diseases On Marijuana Plants Now!

    ,23 Oct 2015
    […] Again, preventative care is the only real way to deal with damping off and other fungal disease-related problems. Usually, plants won’t be able to bounce back from damping off, and so it’s up to the grower to prevent it […]Read More
  7. By Edwin Waters

    ,20 Mar 2017
    A tiny pinch of cinnamon lightly sprinkled with kill the fungus that causes Damping off and it is organic. Just don't over do it.
  8. By kevin

    ,16 Apr 2017
    i am using rapid rooter plugs for my cuttings and was wondering do i need to use any type of nuts for them or just what is in the rapid rooter cubes
    1. By Roy ILGM

      ,18 Apr 2017
      Hi Kvin, the root plugs contain all the nutes your seeds/cuttings need – I❤️GM
  9. By Frank Cassianna

    ,06 Dec 2017
    Excellent this site really works, and tied with the Bible... I'm learning ...
  10. By Alex

    ,14 May 2018
    HELP! I've been soaking my seedlings in water till the tap root breaks through, then putting them into Rapid Rooters on a tray with a heating pad & humidity dome. I've had good success in the past with them popping […]Read More
    1. By latewood_ILGM

      ,17 May 2018
      Alex, Seedlings should be paced under a T5 lamp with fluorescent tubes 1-2" above the seedlings. This promotes tight nodal spacing and does not allow the plant to stretch looking for light, thus weakening the stem. Sounds like they died […]Read More
  11. By David Epstein

    ,18 Jul 2018
    The best organic solution to damping off is to use NoDampOff, which is milled sphagnum. The product controls over-watering and naturally resists the bacteria that causes damping off. It has been used for over 50 years by professional horticulturists and […]Read More

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